Baby bed bugs
Baby bed bugs

The Bedbug (Cimex lectularius) is a parasite that has accompanied humans throughout history. The bed bug's adaptation to humans is so complete that its bite is not felt until long after the bug has abandoned its victim, if at all. Attracted by the heat in our bodies and the carbon dioxide we breathe out, bedbugs usually emerge from their hiding places at night, searching for human blood. Although pathogens have been found in bedbugs, they apparently do not transmit the disease to humans.

Prior to the widespread use of synthetic insecticides, this brown, blood-sucking critter was perhaps the least desired parasite in America. Because of their insidious nature, bedbugs were hated even more than cockroaches. Although the bug's effect was greatly reduced by insecticides during the 1940s and 1950s, it continued to be an occasional invader of houses, hotels, and shelters. Pest control professionals now agree that bedbugs have become the most difficult pest to control.

Introduction of Bedbugs

Bedbugs (Cimex spp.) Feed on the blood of animals, including people and pets. Some species, known as "bat bugs", feed on bats, others on birds such as chickens, pigeons, swallows, and swifts. These species sometimes wander in search of a new host, if their primary host leaves their branch or leaves their nest. In structures, bedbugs typically appear in and around attics and fireplaces. Although they will bite humans, bedbugs will not be able to survive without the presence of their favorite hosts.

Bedbugs can survive more than a year without feeding, although most adult bugs and larvae or young bedbugs could not survive more than six months without food. This ability allows them to expect fleeting hosts who periodically inhabit country cottages, apartments, and temporary housing. It also helps them survive transportation. Today, bedbugs are transported more easily than ever, via public transportation and luggage, as well as used furniture, mattresses, bedding, and clothing. In multi-family dwellings, bed bug pests that are not adequately addressed often spread between neighboring housing units, with or without human assistance, making their eradication more costly and difficult.

Most people have never seen a bedbug. The adults of the species, have no wings, measure about ¼ inch, and become flat to enter cracks and crevices where they hide during the day. Females typically lay three to five eggs per day that get stuck in cracks and crevices. Eggs and larvae at the start of incubation are somewhat translucent and are only 1/16 of an inch. After being fed, the larvae turn bright red.

At night, bed bugs seek the warmth of host bodies, abandoning their hiding places in mattresses, box springs or mattress bases, bed frames, night tables, curtains, sofas, and wall voids, baseboards, rugs, door frames. doors and windows, smoke detectors, electrical switches and sockets, peeling paint, and wallpaper.

Bite bug symptoms of Baby bed bugs

Bad bite is usually not painful because the insect lets a painkiller into the wound. The parasite bites most often in places that are exposed during sleep, usually around the face, neck, arms, and legs. Itchy skin lesions usually appear after 24-48 hours. from biting and may look different.

Bed bites usually have the form of red spots, and after some time - lumps or vesicles with a diameter of about 5 cm, accompanied by severe itching.

Efflorescence is often found in lines of three (in English they are called breakfast, lunch, dinner, that is: breakfast, dinner, supper). In the center of the skin lesion, a darker point is often seen - this is the place of the bite.

With a large number of bites, individual lesions may merge into a more generalized rash, probably also caused by scratching. In children, the symptoms tend to be worse. In addition to the appearance of changes, a bug biting may indicate the fact of a recent stay in a hotel, hostel, or summer house.

 How to treat Baby bed bug bite?

If bed bug bites have been few, the changes may go away on their own within 1-2 weeks. To relieve the more severe symptoms, topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines may be used that can reduce the accompanying itching or prescription ointment based on zinc and lime water.

Patients should maintain hygiene and avoid scratching to prevent infection. In the case of secondary superinfection, general antibiotics or topical antibacterial and disinfectant preparations are used. It is also necessary to remove the source of bed bugs.

How to get rid of baby Bed bugs?

What repels bed bugs? Bed bugs are sensitive to high and low temperatures. To get rid of parasites, wash bedding and clothes at a temperature of at least 50 degrees Celsius and for a minimum of 2 hours.
Bed bugs also die within 5 days at -5 ° C, while eggs - immediately at -26 ° C.

Vacuuming is also a way of bedbugs, where eggs can be difficult to remove because of a substance that attaches them to the surface. Vacuuming will reduce the population of bed bugs, but to completely eradicate it, steam cleaning or insecticides are necessary.

Sometimes it is necessary to throw (burning) mattresses or beds. In this regard, it is best to turn to a professional team.

Effect of Bed Bugs on Health

Baby bed bugs gathering
Baby bed bugs gathering
The public health importance of bed bugs is in part due to the habit of feeding on blood. Reactions to bed bug bites vary considerably between people. Most victims have circular red areas around the bite, very similar to those produced by mosquito bites. Generally, you can see a small red dot in the center of the welt, which corresponds to the point where the insect introduces the mouthparts. These reactions often appear days or weeks after the bite has occurred. Bed bug bite injuries usually occur on exposed areas of victims' skin, such as the face, neck, shoulders, back, and limbs.

Bed bugs should be suspected if the welts appear after a trip, or if the lesions appear after acquiring used furniture. However, the bites themselves are not a definitive diagnosis of bed bug infestation. That is why insects or other products associated with them should be sent to confirm or not the infestation. College entomologists, county outreach agents, and health department entomologists can help identify insects, confirm infestations, and provide useful information for victims. Affected individuals should seek medical attention if the itching intensifies. Intense itching from hives can predispose to secondary skin infections from bacteria. Equally, People with a highly sensitized immune system from bites may overreact to subsequent stimuli related or not to bed bug bites. Blood loss and iron deficiency anemia have also been reported in people who have been continuously exposed to severe bed bug infestations.

The psychological effect of bed bugs should not be underestimated. The presence of bedbugs in intimate places such as beds and rooms often creates anxiety in people and if the bites persist these people can become nervous, agitated, stressed, and suffer from insomnia. The adverse health effects of bedbugs have prompted the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to consider this plague of public health significance.

Bedbugs also cause an economic impact, as infestations frequently require constant inspections and treatments. Often furniture infested with bedbugs must be discarded and replaced with new ones, hotel rooms must be kept unoccupied while the infestation is eliminated and this causes economic losses to the hotel industry. In public buildings, bed bugs can have an adverse effect on advertising and lead to demands from people who have been bitten while occupying these sites.

Baby Bed bug behavior and habits

Understanding bed bug behavior (how they eat, live, and reproduce) will help you find an infestation before it settles, and track you for bed bugs after your home has been treated.

Feeding:

It seems that they prefer to feed on humans, but they also feed on other mammals and birds.
They walk without hesitation 5 to 20 feet (1.5 to 6 m) from settled hiding places (called shelters) to feed on a host.
Although they are mainly active at night, if they are hungry they look for guests in broad daylight.
Feeding can take between 3 and 12 minutes.
Rust or clay-colored stains on bed sheets or bed bug hiding places are because 20% of the time, adult bed bugs and large nymphs evacuate remnants of blood from previous feedings while continuing to feed.

Life stages / mating:

Bedbugs need at least one dose of blood before they can develop to the next of the six life stages.
They can feed more than once.
At each stage, there is a change of skin.
To continue mating and egg production, both males and females should be fed at least once every 14 days.
Each female can lay 1 to 3 eggs per day and 200 to 500 eggs during her life (6 to 12 months but it could be more).
The egg-to-egg life cycle can take four to five weeks under favorable conditions.

Life conditions:

Bedbugs can survive and stay active in temperatures as low as 7 ° C (46 ° F), but die when their body temperatures reach 45 ° C (113 ° F).
To kill bedbugs with heat, the room must be even hotter to ensure that prolonged heat reaches bedbugs no matter where they hide.
Common bedbugs are found almost anywhere your host can live.
Tropical bedbugs ( Cimex hemipterus ) require a higher temperature than common bedbugs and are found in tropical and subtropical areas.

Some FAQ about Bedbugs (Questions and Answers)

Q1. What do Bed bugs look like?

Ans. Adult bed bugs are red-brown, oval, wingless insects, about 5-7 mm long. Adults that have not eaten for some time are pale yellow-brown, but after full blood collection, they take on a darker, mahogany-brown color. They resemble apple seed in size, shape, and color.

The bedbug has three pairs of thin but well-developed legs, equipped with claws that allow effective attachment to the host during feeding. The head is short and wide, with a pair of large, complex eyes and a pair of clearly visible 4-segment antennae.

Female bugs usually produce 2 to 3 eggs a day. They live for several months, therefore, each female lays about 400-500 eggs during her life. The eggs are cream-colored, slightly bent and about 1 mm long. Eggs are usually laid in gaps within dark places. The duration of individual developmental stages largely depends on food availability, temperature, and relative humidity.

Q2. Where do bed bugs come from?

Ans. The biggest myth is that bedbugs come from dirt. It's not true! Dirt does not attract bed bugs, but regular cleaning and removal of unnecessary items will help them notice faster and get rid of them more effectively.

Q3. Where can you find bedbugs in your home?

Ans. If bedbugs are found in a given apartment, it is likely that they also occur in other apartments in the building, especially in neighboring apartments. That is why flats on both sides of the buggy flat should be checked, as well as flats above and below it.

Bed bugs have a flat body shape and can practically hide in any crack and crevice, preferring dark, isolated and protected spaces. Bed bugs "like" wood, paper, and fabric surfaces, so look first where these materials are. Bedbugs are most often found in and around the bed. Bed bugs don't have wings, so they can't fly.

To find their hiding place, sometimes you may need to remove the head of the bed, raise the carpets and dismantle objects (e.g., electrical outlet covers) to provide access to all bed bug sites.

Bedbugs at home can be found:
 
in books, CDs
behind the wallpaper
in clothing
under the rugs
behind skirting boards
in the wall cavities
in bed - they appear on mattresses, slots in the bed frame and the headboard
in other furniture, especially around the seams and sliders of chairs and sofas, in drawer joints
in picture frames
in wall mirrors
in blinds
in the folds of curtains and curtain rods
in a strip with electric wires
in electrical socket casings

Q4. how long can baby bed bugs live without feeding?

Ans. Baby bedbugs live without food some days after all bellow 3 days. Sometimes small baby bedbugs are don't live with put food.

Read also - Rainy season

This video is from - BBC Studios

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